There in Trenchtown, bob met his old friend Bunny again. Both had their first 'real' music lessons with the musician joe higgs at that time. There they met Peter MacIntoch and became friends. When Bob was fourteen he left school for earning money and started apprenticeship as a welder. But after being injured by a splinter he broke up this apprenticeship. Bob decided to play his guitar and to try to earn money as a musician from that day. 2.5 His way to the music business Bob played in his first band with his friends Bunny wailer (neville o'riley livingston junior Braithwaite and Peter Tosh (Winston Hubert MacIntosh). They called themselves ' wailing Rude boys '.
It lasts over one year until Bobs mother could find him and take him back to 'nine miles'. It was there, where bob got into contact essay with music for the first time. He built his own guitar out of tins and bamboo. With his friend Bunny livingstone he started to compose his first small songs. When Bobs ' mother had to move to kingston for earning money for the family, bob stayed in 'nine miles'. 2.4 His youth 1957 Bob came to kingston to live together with his mom. They lived in Trenchtown, one of the Ghettos in West Kingston. As Trenchtown was the centre of Rastafarians in Kingston, bob got into contact with their ideology - and with ganja. Besides he was one of the young persons who was in a gang called Rude boys. Young men of the Ghetto who often ended a quarrel with theirknife or pistol, even in singing contests when the audience decided the other group to be the better one.
He is still the prophet and died in poverty in 1947. 2.3 His Childhood Bob Marley was born as Robert Nesta marley at the 6th of February friendship 1945 in a village called 'nine miles' in Jamaica. Bobs father, captain Norval Sinclair Marley, was a white British army captain who served the queen. He was fifty years old, when he married the eighteen-year-old Cedella booker. But as soon as he got to know about her pregnancy, he left her. Bob grew up in 'nine miles' with his mother and his grandparents. His grand father Omeriah told him all about their African roots and explained that they were carried to jamaica in times of slavery. When Bob was five years old, his father came back to 'nine miles' and kidnapped his own son. He took him to a woman in Kingston and left him there.
Marcus Garvey is the most important prophet for the rastafarians, born1897. He was a baptist preacher in Jamaica and made the promise, that a black king will be crowned in Ethiopia who should be the black messiah. This king should lead the jamaicans out of slavery. And really: some years later in Ethiopia haile sallasie, the black king, was crowned and he really descended from King david, the biblical king. Marcus Garvey found a "company called "The black Starliner which should take the black people to the "holy land Ethiopia" for repatriation. He even sold tickets for the passage. Actually the ships never came and lots of poor Jamaicans lost all their outsiders habits and founded the first slums in Kingston, because they were waiting for the ships in front of the docks. Marcus Garvey flew to new York and until now it is not clear what really happened and who earned all the money spent by the jamaican people. Nevertheless, rastafarians believe that this was not the fault of Marcus Garvey.
Red stands for the blood in the time of slavery, gold for wealth and green for the stolen land. The rastafarians want to go back to their roots, backto the holy land of zion, back to Africa. Smoking ganja ( marihuana) is also one piece of the interpretation of the holy bible. Church service includes smoking marihuana. For the rastafarians it is like meditation. But they also revere marcus Garvey. He wanted the unity of all black people and the return to Africa.
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So their houses reach from the ocean and the Blue mountains to the slope of the low mountain the range. About 95 of the jamaicans are African people, most of them with their origin in West Africa. The reason for this situation can be found in the past, when the Spanish colonial masters carried the African people as slaves to jamaica. 56 of the jamaican people are Protestant Christians, 5 Catholics, 25 of naturereligions, jews, muslims and 5 Rastafarians. The rastafarians believe in the black messiah. We must interior have a look to the past to understand what the meaning of this sentence.
1930 Ras Tafari makonnen was crowned the king of Ethiopia. His name was 'haile selassie.' he was a descendant of king david, whom we know from the bible. He was called The king of Kings, lord of Lords and the conquering lion of the tribe of Judah. The name rastafari is taken from Ras, meaning 'prince' and Tafari, the name of the emperior of e rastafarians believe in the Amharic bible, one of the early scripts of the old testament. Most of the rastafarians have long dread locks like the mane of a lion and wear bonnets in the colours of Ethiopia (red, gold and green).
As a result, the usa stopped any further support. In Jamaica the fact that only two parties ruled the country for 34 years nearly caused a civil war. In the Ghetto ofKingston, Trenchtown, one part was ruled by pnp supporters, the other by jlp supporters. They fought each other with great brutality. The music of these days had some kind of wailing touch the lyrics often spoke of "gunmen in the streets "or crying about dead relatives. Bob Marley sang lootin'an' Shootin and again caught the "vibes of the time" in his lyrics.
In 1980 Edward seaga (JLP) became prime minister after a bloody election campaign against Manley. In this campaign 700 people lost their lives in street fights between the different party-groups. In 1889 Manley became prime minister again but that were his last three years because percival Patterson (PNP) became prime minister from 1992 until now. 2.2 The jamaican population Today 2,7 million people live in Jamaica. Kingston is the capital of Jamaicaand 1 million people life there. But Kingston is too small for so many people.
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So the music lost its tempo and the lyrics nashville became more political, longing for a change. Marleys songs in this time had political contents like "Get up, degenerative stand up but also described the life in ghetto-poverty, like "Trenchtown Rock" That made him very popular in Jamaica. In 1972 Michael Manley (PNP) got the prime minister job. His slogans were power for the people and Better must come. The pnp announced more humanity and wanted to realize social reforms which take account of the workers and the poor people of Jamaica. Bob Marley and The wailers like many other bands supported Manleys party and Manley even spoke at Reggae concerts, music was so important for the jamaicans that Reggae artists ( and Rastafarians)were very important for the elections of those days. But Manley got financial problems by realizing his reforms, which produced a lot of criticism in the country. Furthermore manley criticized capitalism at an important conference in 1975. That made foreign politics even more difficult.
Furthermore they had to pay a high tax, which was invested in projects of British interest. After ten years of independency, people realised that a real change did not take place. They felt like they had been slaves for all the years. Bob Marley later sung "400 years" (of the same philosophy and every jamaican understood his aim and what he was "Fighting" for. In this Time abig change happened to the jamaican Music: from the jumpy, up tempo ska-sound of the first years of independency, to the more slowly reggae-beat. Bob Marley is the perfect example for this change in Jamaican popular music. The wailers first songs like "Simmer Down" or "Hot nanny, hot" were without political aims, because the people believed in a change of their own economical situation. This reviews change did not come and their situation got worse.
people in Jamaica. In 1938, the first free parties of Jamaica could be founded. Social disturbances and joblessness were the reasons for the foundation of 'labour Party' (JLP) and 'people's National Party' (PNP). In 1944 the labour Party was the winner of the first free elections of Jamaica. 1962 was a special year for the jamaican people because at 6th of August 1962 Jamaica became independent from Great Britain. But in fact more than 80 of the islands economy, mostly the industries to produce aluminium, was in hand of Great Britain. So most of the islands income did not reach the people in Jamaica. They had to work for the British economy, not for the jamaican.
Columbus declared Jamaica to Spanish. In 1520, the Spanish people began to cultivate sugar cane, and because of this they took african people toJamaica as slaves. In 1655 the British came to jamaica and drove theSpanish away. But the African slaves stayed at the island and fled to the highmountains to live in freedom. They called themselves the 'maroons'. In 1670 Jamaica became one proposal of the official colonies of Great Britain. But the maroons were fighting against the British crown.
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This work wants to describe one of the most popular musicians of the world: Bob Marley. He is well known as the greatest singer of Reggae music. Even today you can see his face on t-shirts and buy his music. The myth, bob Marley is still alive, although he died 21 years ago. But what do we know about this man except the fact that he comes from the origin country of Reggae, jamaica? This piece of work is going to inform about his life, his ideals and the political background, which had great influence on his career and his songs. 2.1 Jamaica - the origin country. Bob Marley, the Arwark-Indianer were the native inhabitants of Jamaica. In 1494 Christoph Columbus anchored at Jamaicas'.