Cooper has found that the correlation between homework and achievement is generally supportive of these guidelines. We found that for kids in elementary school there was hardly any relationship between how much homework young children did and how well they were doing in school, but in middle school the relationship is positive and increases until the kids were doing between. After that it didnt go up anymore. Kids that reported doing more than two hours of homework a night in middle school werent doing any better in school than kids who were doing between an hour to two hours. Garfield has a very clear homework policy that she distributes to her parents at the beginning of each school year. I give one subject a night. Its what we were studying in class or preparation for the next day.
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So i bought that one. I said, ok, they need to be prepared. But they dont need two hours. Cooper evaluation sees the trend toward more homework as symptomatic of high-achieving parents who want the best for their children. Part of it, i think, is pressure from the parents with regard to their desire to have their kids be competitive for the best universities in the country. The communities in which homework is being piled on are generally affluent communities. Homework guidelines, whats a parent to do, you ask? Fortunately, there are some sanity-saving homework guidelines. Cooper points to The 10-Minute rule formulated by the national pta and the national Education Association, which suggests that kids should be doing about 10 minutes of homework per night per grade level. In other words, 10 minutes for first-graders, 20 for second-graders and. Too much homework.
They worried about nervous breakdowns.'. In the 1930s, there were lots of graduate students in education schools around the country who were doing experiments resumes that claimed to show that homework had no academic value that kids who got homework didnt learn any more than kids who didnt, gill continues. Also, a lot of the opposition to homework, in the first half of the 20th century, was motivated by a notion that it was a leftover from a 19th-century model of schooling, which was based on recitation, memorization and drill. Progressive educators were trying to replace that with something more creative, something more interesting to kids. The more-is-better movement, garfield, the san Francisco fifth-grade teacher, says that when she started teaching 30 years ago, she didnt give any homework. Then parents started asking for it, she says. I got In junior high and high school theres so much homework, they need to get prepared.
Third, its a form of communication between the school and the parents. It gives parents an idea of what their kids are doing in school. The anti-homework crowd has also been consistent in their reasons for wanting to abolish or reduce homework. The first one is childrens health, says Gill. A hundred years ago, you had medical doctors testifying that heavy loads of books were causing childrens spines to be bent. The more things change, the more they stay the same, it seems. There were also concerns about excessive amounts of stress. Although they didnt use the term stress says Gill.
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So that is something thats fairly new in the last quarter century. The essay history of homework. In his research, gill found that homework has always been controversial. Around the turn of the 20th century, the ladies Home journal carried on a crusade against homework. They thought that kids were better off spending their time outside playing and looking at clouds. The most spectacular success this movement had was in the state of California, where in 1901 the legislature passed business a law abolishing homework in grades K-8.
That lasted about 15 years and then was quietly repealed. Then there was a lot of activism against homework again in the 1930s. The proponents of homework have remained consistent in their reasons for why homework is a beneficial practice, says Gill. One, it extends the work in the classroom with additional time on task. Second, it develops habits of independent study.
Etta Kralovec, author of, the End of Homework: How Homework disrupts Families, overburdens Children, and Limits learning, disagrees, saying naep data is not a reliable source of information. Students take the naep test and one of the questions they have to fill out is, how much homework did you do last night Anybody who knows schools knows that teachers by and large do not give homework the night before a national assessment. It just doesnt happen. Teachers are very clear with kids that they need to get a good nights sleep and they need to eat well to prepare for a test. So asking a kid how much homework they did the night before a national test and claiming that that data tells us anything about the general run of the mill experience of kids and homework over the school year is, i think, really dishonest.
Further muddying the waters is a ap/aol poll that suggests that most Americans feel that their children are getting the right amount of homework. It found that 57 of parents felt that their child was assigned about the right amount of homework, 23 thought there was too little and 19 thought there was too much. One indisputable fact, one homework fact that educators do agree upon is that the young child today is doing more homework than ever before. Parents are correct in saying that they didnt get homework in the early grades and that their kids do, says Harris cooper, professor of psychology and director of the education program at duke university. Gill quantifies the change this way: There has been some increase in homework for the kids in kindergarten, first grade and second grade. But its been an increase from zero to 20 minutes a day.
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The median appears to be about four hours a week. Education researchers like gill base their conclusions, in part, on data gathered by writers the. National Assessment of Educational Progress (naep) tests. It doesnt suggest that most kids are doing a tremendous amount, says Gill. Thats not to say there arent any kids with too much homework. There surely are some. Theres enormous variation across communities. But its not a crisis in that its a very small proportion of kids who are spending an enormous amount of time on homework.
Asks Tonya noonan Herring, a new Mexico mother of swift three, an attorney and a former high school English teacher. Most of us, even attorneys, do not do this. Bottom line: students have too much homework and most of it is not productive or necessary. Advertisement, homework studies, how do educational researchers weigh in on the issue? According to Brian Gill, a senior social scientist at the rand Corporation, there is no evidence that kids are doing more homework than they did before. If you look at high school kids in the late 90s, theyre not doing substantially more homework than kids did in the 80s, 70s, 60s or the 40s, he says. In fact, the trends through most of this time period are pretty flat. And most high school students in this country dont do a lot of homework.
in San Francisco, concurs. I believe that were stressing children out, she says. Advertisement, but hold on, its not just the kids who are stressed out. Teachers nowadays assign these almost college-level projects with requirements that make my mouth fall open with disbelief, says another frustrated parent. Its not just the kids who suffer! How many people take home an average of two hours or more of work that must be completed for the next day?
Has he stayed up late working on assignments? Have you sacrificed your weekends for homework? Many students and their parents are frazzled by the amount of homework being piled on in the schools. Yet researchers say that American students have just the right amount of homework. Kids today are overwhelmed! A parent recently wrote in an email to GreatSchools. Org my first-grade son was required to research a significant person from history and write a paper of at least two pages about the person, with a bibliography.
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Homework (no subject) jbef38 at m jbef38 at m, sun Sep 6 12:03:I sat down to spend the evening doing our assignments to date? One assignment was to install Firefox and look for broken websites? However, no instructions were given as to how to install Firefox? Are there certain basics (that i obviously don't know) really that we should have in order to do this course? Also, the lingo used is totally foreign. Thanks, jere next part, an html attachment was scrubbed. Url: m, more information about the homework mailing list. Has your child shed tears over the amount of homework he has?