1, scholars in different disciplines have developed more than 100 different theories of acculturation, 2 but the concept of acculturation has only been studied scientifically since 1918. 2, as it has been approached at different times from the fields of psychology, anthropology, and sociology, numerous theories and definitions have emerged to describe elements of the acculturative process. Despite definitions and evidence that acculturation entails a two-way process of change, research and theory have primarily focused on the adjustments and adaptations made by minorities such as immigrants, refugees, and indigenous peoples in response to their contact with the dominant majority. Contemporary research has primarily focused on different strategies of acculturation, how variations in acculturation affect individuals, and interventions to make this process easier. Contents, historical approaches edit, although the word "acculturation" was coined. Powell in 1880, 3 the earliest record of acculturation can be found in Sumerian inscriptions from 2370. These inscriptions laid out rules for commerce and interaction with foreigners designed to limit acculturation and protect traditional cultural practices.
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Portraits of, native americans from the Cherokee, cheyenne, choctaw, comanche, iroquois, and Muscogee tribes in azam European attire. Photos date from 1868 to 1924. Acculturation is the process of social, psychological, and cultural change that stems from blending between cultures. The effects of acculturation can be seen at multiple levels in both the original (native) and newly adopted (host) cultures. Historically speaking, acculturation is a direct change of one's culture through dominance over another's culture through either military or political conquest. At this group level, acculturation often results in changes to culture, customs, religious practices, diet, healthcare, and other social institutions. Some of the most noticeable group level effects of acculturation often include changes in food, clothing, and language. At the individual level, the process of acculturation refers to the socialisation process by which foreign-born individuals adopt the values, customs, norms, attitudes, and behaviours of the dominant host culture. This process has been linked to changes in daily behaviour, as well as numerous changes in psychological and physical well-being. As enculturation is used to describe the process of first-culture learning, acculturation can be thought of as second-culture learning. Since approximately one in four children in the United States live with at least one immigrant parent, this topic is worthy of understanding and discussing.
Here are all the Show and Tell moments clearly marked: When I was 16, i lived with the watkins family in Wichita, kansas. Show 1: "By teaching me, english, nine year-old Cody taught me the importance of being able to learn from anyone." my second family was the martinez family, who were friends of the watkinss. The host dad Michael was a high school English teacher and the host mom Jennifer (who had me call her Jen) taught elementary school. Show 2: "the martinez family showed me the value of spending time together as a family" (implication: he doesn't have this with his own family) After I finished the exchange student program, i had the option of returning to korea but I decided to stay. Show 3: "the Struiksma family taught me to reserve judgment about divorced women and adopted children." After a few months I realized we werent the best fit. Ortiz taught me the value of discipline." The dirksen family had three kids. Show 5: "and the dirksen family taught me the importance of appreciating one anothers different qualities." Of course, those 28 months were too short to fully understand all five families, but I learned from and was shaped by each of them. By teaching me English, nine year-old Cody taught me the importance of being able to learn from anyone; the martinez family showed me the value of spending time together as a family; the Struiksma family taught me to reserve judgment about divorced women and adopted. The "Tell" / "so what" Getting along with other people is necessary for anyone and living with five families has made me more sensitive to others needs: I have learned how to recognize when someone needs proposal to talk, when I should give advice and when.
He answers the so what? Question once more in the final paragraph. (Q: so what am I going to do with all these lessons? A: Im going to use them to adapt to my bill next family-in college.). The beauty of this is that hes demonstrating (showing not telling) that he has an extremely valuable quality that will be useful for doing well at any college: adaptability. Tip: And thats one more way to write your essay. Identify your single greatest strength (in this case, it was his ability to adapt to whatever life gave him). Ask: how did I learn this? How can i show that Im good at this?
Also note: Each of the first five paragraphs works to show. (He waits to tell us what they mean til that second to last paragraph.). See how distinct each family is? He does this through specific images and objects. The second to last paragraph answers the so what? (Q: Why did he just show us all these details? A: to demonstrate what each family has taught him.). He also goes one step further.
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Ortiz taught me the value of discipline and the dirksen family taught me the importance of appreciating one anothers different qualities. Getting along with other people is necessary for anyone and living with five families has made me more small sensitive to others needs: I have learned how to recognize when manual someone needs to talk, when I should give advice and when to simply listen, and when. Im ready to change, learn, and be shaped by my future families. Analysis of the "five families essay, remember that movie the sixth Sense? I won't ruin it for you, but I will tell you that theres a moment toward the end when a crucial piece of information is revealed that triggers in the mind of the audience a series of realizations that have been leading up to this. Thats kind of what this writer does: he buries a series of hints (one in each paragraph) that he explodes in the final paragraph.
In short: he buries a series of essence images in his first paragraphs (one per family). He doesnt tell us what they mean until the end of the essay, when he writes I learned and was shaped by each of them. Note that each essence image is actually a lesson-something he learned from each family. When he reveals each lesson at the end, one after the other, we sense how all these seemingly random events are connected. We realize this writer has been carefully constructing this piece all along; we see the underlying structure. And its a pretty neat one.
Thats how I met the dirksen family, my fifth family. The dirksen family had three kids. They were all different. Danielle liked bitter black coffee, christian liked energy drinks, and Becca liked sweet lemon tea. Dawn, the host mom didnt like winter, and Mark, the host dad, didnt like summer.
After dinner, we would all play wii sports together. I was the king of bowling, and Dawn was the queen of tennis. I dont remember a single time that they argued about the games. Afterward, we would gather in the living room and Danielle would play the piano while the rest of us sang hymns. Of course, those 28 months were too short to fully understand all five families, but I learned from and was shaped by each of them. English, nine year-old Cody taught me the importance of being able to learn from anyone; the martinez family showed me the value of spending time together as a family; the Struiksma family taught me to reserve judgment about divorced women and adopted children; Mrs.
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The Ortiz family was my fourth family. Kimberly, the host mom, treated me the same way she treated her own son. She made me do chores: I fixed dinner, fed their two dogs Sassy and Lady, and once a week i cleaned the bathroom. I also had to follow some rules: no empire food in my room, no using the family computer, no lights on after midnight, and no ride unless it was an emergency. The first couple of months were really hard to get used to, but eventually i adjusted. I lived with the Ortiz family for seven months like a monk in the deep forest. However, the host dad Gregs asthma got worse after winter, so he wanted to move to the countryside. It essay was unexpected and i only had a week to find a new host family. I asked my friend Danielle if I could live with her until I found a new home.
My room was on the first floor, right in front of Shellies hair salon, a small business that she ran out of her home. In the living room were six or seven huge amplifiers and a gigantic chandelier mattresses hung from the high ceiling. The kitchen had a bar. At first, the non-stop visits from strangers made me nervous, but soon I got used to them. I remember one night, a couple barged into my room while i was sleeping. After a few months I realized we werent the best fit. In the nicest way possible, i told them I had to leave.
i had the option of returning to korea but I decided to stay in America. I wanted to see new places and meet different people. Since i wasnt an exchange student anymore, i had the freedom-and burden-of finding a new school and host family on my own. After a few days of thorough investigation, i found the Struiksma family in California. They were a unique group. The host mom Shellie was a single mom who had two of her own sons and two russian daughters that she had adopted. The kids always had something warm to eat, and were always on their best behavior at home and in school. It would be fair to say that this was all due to Shellies upbringing.
I would babysit Cody every day after school for at least two to three hours. We would play scrabble or he life would read to me from Charlottes Web or The Ugly duckling. He would talk a lot about his friends and school life, and I would listen to him and ask him the meanings of certain words. He was my first friend in the new World. My second family was the martinez family, who were friends of the watkinss. The host dad Michael was a high school, english teacher and the host mom Jennifer (who had me call her Jen) taught elementary school. She had recently delivered a baby, so she was still in the hospital when I moved into their house. The martinez family did almost everything together. We made pizza together, watched Shrek on their cozy couch together, and went fishing on Sunday together.
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Ap central Education Professionals The college board beginning of content: Upcoming events, featured Articles, site topics, about. Learn about the program, get the latest news, and see how your school can offer. Read more about About ap, ap courses exams, teaching resources, exam questions, and useful information for every course and exam. Read more about ap courses exams. Ap coordinators, get help organizing your ap program and administering the ap exams. Read more about ap coordinators. When I professional was 16, i lived with the watkins family in Wichita, kansas. Watkins was the coordinator of the foreign exchange student program I was enrolled. She had a nine year old son named Cody.