The same is true for ldlt editions. Instead of being constrained by any one format, we can use xml to separate information from its visual presentation, all the while making the information easier to understand. How that information is presented will depend in large part on the way the user wants to interact with. Dll displays, of course, ldlt editions wouldn't be user-friendly if we didn't provide some way of viewing them, so this site will offer three ways of interacting with ldlt texts. Since most users just want to see the text and any editorial annotations associated with it, the ldlt reading room provides a clean view of the text with links to annotations about variant readings or other information the editor has deemed important. For users who want to delve into the data, the ldlt also has a downloadable desktop application with sophisticated tools for visual data analysis. Chris weaver and his assistants have developed a number of sophisticated text visualization tools that will help users see critical editions in new ways—from pixel-based visualization of variants to storyboard visualizations of witness groupings. Users who want to view the data in some other way can download the raw xml files and work with them independently of the ldlts applications.
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We can design a layout that resembles a traditional printed edition, which is useful if someone wants to have a hard copy. But we can also offer online users the ability to change the amount of information available to them at any given time. Perhaps you dont want to see any variants, or only variants from self a certain manuscripts family, or only conjectures by modern scholars—all of that is possible with a digital critical edition. Or maybe you want to see the text with variants from a certain manuscript in place. Then theres the chance that someone might want to toggle on and off various morphological, lexical, and visualization tools. Someone might want to have access to images of manuscripts and diplomatic transcriptions of them. Whatever the case may be, all of these things have to do with the presentation of a digital edition, not its content. At least as far as the ldlt is concerned, we use the word edition to refer only to the information, or data, provided by editors, regardless of the format that it might take when users work with. Our goal is to provide authoritative, reliable, critical editions that are valuable in and of themselves as works of scholarship, but that can also be presented in a variety of formats for a variety of uses—from hard copies bound by a print-on-demand service. This notion of one format, many uses is at the heart of xml, which is the encoding language behind many popular word processing programs that allow you to save your work in multiple formats, including pdf, html, and plain text, among others.
In a digital edition, however, editors can encode meaning directly. Instead of relying on a reader to understand that roman type denotes a variant reading and italic type indicates editorial remarks, the editor can use Extensible markup Language (XML) to make those distinctions explicit, so that readers do not have to divine what is meant. In other words, digital editions give editors more control over communicating what they think is important and meaningful information. How that information is displayed depends on the needs of a particular reader or group of readers. Content, not Display, in the world of print publication, the content of an healthy edition is literally bound together with its presentation. That is, a lot of elements that arent meaningfully related to the contents—the cover, binding, the size of the page, the quality of the paper, the typography—have nothing to do with the content of the edition, but theyre nevertheless part. That has an effect on the usability of the edition as a whole, since the size of the page limits the amount of information it can hold. With a digital edition, its important to separate format and presentation from content, since the information in a digital edition can be presented in a variety of ways.
Because publishers prefer not to sacrifice much real estate on a page to printing information that they think only some readers will use, textual scholars have developed a way of compressing the information into the allotted space using abbreviations and symbols. Call it a print-optimized visualization of textual data. The image above is an excerpt from the Harvard Servius. Consider all of the types of information that appear in the entries on a single page: All of that information is communicated soley through visual, typographical means. And thats not even the half of it, when you consider all of the information that readers have to bring with them to understand and interpret. Editors of print editions rely on readers to decode the various visual cues provided by symbols (e.g., manuscript sigla, business punctuation, special characters, etc. typographical conventions (e.g., italics, boldface, and roman type and abbreviations. Without access to a clear legend at the beginning of a printed edition, a reader can become confused, especially since different publishers use typographical conventions differently.
Our dedicated specialists stand by our clients through their entire projector rental process and are available to them twenty-four hours a day and seven days a week to address any questions or concerns they may have with their projector rental experience as well as give. June 19, 2007 by markus 0 comments, several frameworks and meta-tools to combine context-free text notations with meta-models exist. But the current research seems to be focused mainly on those syntactical structures that can be defined by context-free grammars solely. It is ignored that most languages, even. Continue reading, categories: software modeling, tags: eclipse, emf, tef, textual modeling, permalink. Reading an apparatus criticus is hard enough for a human to do; for a computer, it's impossible—at least if the apparatus hasn't been encoded. Critical editions in print are heavily encoded, but in a way that only humans with special training and lots of experience can decode.
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These powerful tools make mps quite proficient as an instrument for creating Domain-Specific Languages (DSL). The battlefield tours theme provides an armchair tour of each battlefield, with running commentary regarding the places of interest, monuments, regimental markers, and other signage found on each battlefield. To accomplish this the website integrates maps, still photography, and Apple quickTime (qtvr) panorama movies of each battlefield with a textual presentation of all National Park service and State markers and signs located on and around each Park grounds. Additional textual material is also used, such as"tions from both contemporary sources (the Official Records, etc.) and modern, published histories. Visitors have several choices in the way they navigate through each battlefield presentation, some of which they could not experience on the actual battlefield grounds: follow a, quick tour, which traces the national Park service's driving tour (not in chronological order of battlefield events with. Brief textual descriptions and troop movement maps help place the events at each stop on the park service tour in historical perspective.
Follow a, full tour, similar to the above scenario except that it follows the chronological sequence of events at each battlefield, with running commentary regarding all places of interest, monuments, regimental markers, and other signage found on each battlefield. More extensive textual descriptions,"tions by participants in the battles, and troop movement maps help place the events at each stop in historical perspective. View an, image gallery, containing Historic battlefield images, modern battlefield photographs, and Apple qtvr panorama movie files. Map Gallery, containing both Historic battlefield maps and Modern 2-Dimensional battlefield maps designed to explain the detailed and intricate movements of troops during each engagement. View the 3d gallery, containing 3-Dimensional surface models which reconstruct the terrain of civil War battlefields. To continue the battlefield tours explanation from the menu to the left click either quick tour, full tour, Image gallery, map Gallery, 3d gallery, or click Troop movements for more detailed descriptions of their respective contents. Or click Choose battlefield or Choose State from the menu to the left to begin your civil War battlefields adventure. Portable lcd and dlp projectors taking your presentation to the next level.
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editors for any new language and make using these dsls simpler. Even domain experts, who are not familiar with traditional programming, can easily work in mps with domain-specific languages designed around their domain-specific terminology. Projection Editor, a projectional editor allows the user to edit the Abstract syntax tree (AST) representation of code in an efficient way. It can mimic the behavior of a textual editor for textual notations, a diagram editor for graphical languages, tabular editor for editing tables and. The user interacts with the code through some intuitive on the screen visuals and can even switch between multiple displays of the same code. Watch video tutorial, ide support.
Abstract Syntax Tree (ast which consists of nodes with properties, children, and references, and fully describes the program code. The task of the mps editor is then to visualize the ast in some user-friendly way and provide means for effective editing. For classical textual languages, the editor should give writing the user the illusion of editing text in a text-like manner, for graphical notations, on the other hand, the editor should take on the habits of a well-behaving diagramming editor. When creating a language, you define the rules for code editing and rendering. You can also specify the language type-system and constraints. This allows mps to check program code on the fly, and thus makes programming with the new language easy and less error-prone. Mps uses a generative approach. You can define generators for a language to transform user code into compilable code written in a more conventional, typically general-purpose, language.
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Dialects and domain-specific lingo frequently arises to help people communicate effectively. Mps brings the same flexibility into the world of programming languages. Unlike traditional programming languages with strict syntax and semantics, mps allows languages to be created, altered or extended by their users. The core problem of extending languages lies mainly in the parsers. Parsers tie code persistent representation with the visual notation and they cannot be combined with other parsers easily, which prevents language modularization. This naturally leads to the idea of non-textual presentation of program code. A major benefit of this approach spondylolisthesis is that it eliminates the need for parsing. Our solution is to always have code maintained.