A legitimate question, given that there is significant evidence that at least one innocent man has been put to death, and that Perry impeded the investigation into the circumstances. Putting that to one side, before the question was even finished, at the point where the number of people executed was mentioned by the host, the crowd cheered and whistled. Perry said he had no concerns, and that "if people come into our state and kill our citizens" they will face execution. Enabling suffering through political doublespeak: Iraq. Syria denial of historical parallels : Especially striking, as noted above, is the debate regarding external intervention in Syria. Most impressive is the political effort to deny that there are any parallels with the well-documented process through which intervention in Iraq was justified - to the point of excluding such mention in most media. The dilemmas of the situation are well summarized by tom geoghegan ( Shadow of Iraq looms over Syria, bbc news, ).
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Human Rights Watch, ). Forty years after vietnam's most famous photo, incendiary weapons still kill and injure children. The authors remark: The protocol's definition is too narrow, encompassing only munitions "primarily designed" to set fires or cause burn injuries, and creating exceptions for those with "incidental" incendiary effects. Thus, some governments, including the us, believe that white phosphorus munitions are not covered by Protocol iii, even when used intentionally for incendiary effects. A broader, effects-based definition of incendiary weapons should be created to encompass multipurpose munitions with incendiary effects, such as white phosphorus. In addition, the protocol prohibits attacks in populated areas with air-dropped incendiary weapons yet permits the same kinds of attacks with ground-launched models under certain circumstances. At the least, countries should bolster the protocol's restrictions by prohibiting the use brief of all incendiary weapons in civilian areas. With respect to admission of the use of White Phosphorous in Iraq (as noted below this has focused concern, as noted by paul reynolds ( White phosphorus: weapon on the edge, bbc news, 16 november 2005 The admission contradicted a statement this week from the. The official line to that point had been that wp, or Willie pete to use its old name from vietnam, was used only to illuminate the battlefield and to provide smoke for camouflage. The indifference associated with legal doublespeak by those in authority has been otherwise made by a blogger for the us ( The fall of Empire and the Indifference to the suffering of Others, flinging Monkey, 14 September 2011 however, in the space of a week. In a republican Presidential debate last week, rick perry was asked a question about his record in Texas where he has presided over two hundred executions, and whether he had any concerns that any of the people executed may have been innocent.
The case with respect to torture has been the subject of many commentaries (Larry siems, The torture report: What the documents say about qualitative America's Post 9/11 Torture Program, 2012; Philippe sands, torture team: Rumsfeld's Memo and the betrayal of American values, 2008; david Cole, torture. As with the dubious arguments of " just war theory it would app rear that an analogue has been developed to legitimate infliction of suffering - possibly to be termed "just suffering theory". Just war theory (or Bellum iustum ) is a doctrine of military ethics of Roman philosophical and Catholic origin, studied by moral theologians, ethicists and international policy makers, which holds that a violent conflict ought to meet philosophical, religious or political criteria. There is clearly a case for adapting that to the infliction of suffering - as has been variously justified in boot camps and for corporal punishment. Legal doublespeak is especially evident at this time with respect to " chemical weapons as defined by the Chemical weapons Convention (cwc and deplored as completely unacceptable in Syria (Dana liebelson, Are Chemical weapons reason Enough to go to war? The us has however previously made extensive use of Agent Orange (Vietnam) and White Phosphorous. The wikipedia entry notes use of the latter in recent conflicts: Iraq (2004), israel-Lebanon conflict (2006), gaza war (2008-2009), afghanistan (2009), yemen (2009), israeli-palestinian conflict (2009-2012), libya (2011). Legal doublespeak is notably exploited in interpretation of Protocol iii of the Chemical weapons Convention whose loopholes and inconsistent restrictions limit its effectiveness, as noted by Stephen goose and Bonnie docherty ( White phosphorous: the new napalm?
It can be described as a form of " theological gerrymandering to be compared with the scientific equivalent which it reinforces in environments responsive to faith-based governance ( Scientific Gerrymandering of boundaries of overpopulation Debate: review of The royal Society report - people and the. Especially interesting in terms of theological gerrymandering is any claim by the pope that he is "only following orders" as articulated in terms of the divine injunction to "be fruitful and multiply" ( Genesis 1:28 ). In so doing any responsibility for global indifference to suffering is passed "upstairs" to god. The issue is then the theological one of how God can appear to be "indifferent to suffering" - a theme frequently debated (as noted above). Ironically any transfer of responsibility to god by the pope might be appropriately described in terms of an adaptation of the " Peter Principle " according to which employees in any organization with tend to be promoted to their level of inefficacity. Might this also apply to human articulations of fundamental principles. Un committee against Torture criticises Vatican handling of sex abuse, the guardian, vatican bank reforms lead to rise in reports of suspicious transactions, the guardian, un denounces Vatican over child abuse and demands immediate action, the guardian, 5 February 2014 Inside the vatican bank: silence.
Operation Blessing International : A documentary has just been released showing how the televangelist Pat Roberston (a former us presidential candidate) claimed Operation Blessing was giving vital aid in response to the 1994 Rwandan crisis ( Mission Congo: how Pat Robertson raised millions on the. Indulgences : The controversial Catholic tradition of the sale of indulgences was recently offered a new twist by the pope (Tom Kington, vatican offers 'time off purgatory' to followers of Pope Francis tweets, the guardian, tuesday ). The papal court handling pardons for sins indicated that contrite catholics could win 'indulgences' by following World youth day on Twitter (Andrew Brown, so, the pope's Twitter followers get time off purgatory. What's the problem?, the guardian, ) This argument is consistent with what can be otherwise described as a failure of due diligence - of systemic sloppiness in the analysis of a condition which is deplored ( Vigorous Application of Derivative thinking to derivative problems: transcending. As noted there, the focus is on the "downstream" present, and not on how the present condition was engendered - and continues to be engendered by "upstream" factors. Unfortunately for the catholic Church, a similar lack of systematic diligence has been evident in the analysis of widespread sexual abuse by the clergy. The unstated difficulty for the catholic Church is that the poverty and suffering with which the newly elected Pope is so honourably concerned is in part a direct consequence of policies enabled and encouraged by that Church. These have ensured that there was no constraint on increase in population, even if resources were unlikely to be made available for a suffering-free livelihood. The focus on proximate causes of suffering avoids the need to identify those which give rise to them from a systemic perspective - possibly in order to favour a theological perspective on God's involvement in the matter.
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The case for even wider concern is however the long-term implication of Catholic policies regarding the evolution of the situation in Africa to the point at which people there see as their only recourse the possibility of successfully getting to europe. The pope frames the situation as one in which global indifference is a prevailing condition of the moment calling words for action by others. This framing carefully avoids any reference to catholic policies in the longer term which have contributed directly to that situation and will ensure that the number of people forced to undertake such desperate measures will continue to increase. Many will die in the process, as they have in the past - or suffer under conditions which encourage some to engage. There is no implication whatsoever that Catholic policies, for which the pope is ultimately responsible, are themselves directly responsible in any way engendering the suffering which he deplores so explicitly.
It could be said that he is blithely indifferent to the long-term indifference of Catholicism to its responsibilities in the matter. This could be framed as the epitome of moral irresponsibility ( Universal Declaration of Responsibilities of Human Intercourse: a draft proposal, 2007). As noted above, this attitude has previously been discussed more extensively ( Is There never Enough? Religious doublespeak on population and poverty, 2013 notably in a section on Hypocrisy of current Papal focus on poverty?, under the following headings: Religious doublespeak is perhaps most clearly evident in the framing of financial transactions and the denial of wrong-doing: Vatican Bank (Institute for. Curiously Transparency International, in its annual Corruption Perceptions Index, has systematically failed to identify the vatican as an independent state (as it claims to be) about which corruption was reported.
Doublespeak is only too evident in politics, in the discrepancy between what is promised by politicians in electoral manifestos and what they intend to provide when elected, or what they then claim to be providing through skillful use of " spin ". Doublespeak is blatantly apparent in the advertising for many products when the explicit purpose is to create a favourable impression in order to disguise less acceptable practices - as with much " greenwashing ". The distinction between surface-currents and under-currents has been strongly made in relation to women, as documented by Elise boulding ( The Underside of History: a view of women through time, 1976). The challenge remains notably evident in meetings ( Women and the Underside of meetings: symptoms of denial in considering strategic options, 2009). Doublespeak, as variously purveyed by the media, is a device central to the cultivation of indifference to suffering. Recent research has resulted in the claim that fast-moving virtual games and online news feeds may be encouraging indifference to human suffering ( Media culture and Indifference to suffering, face to face Intercultural, ; Mary helen Immordino-yang, et al, neural correlates of admiration and compassion.
Wherever it is employed, doublespeak erodes the capacity for empathy in response to suffering (Mark liberman, debasing the coinage of Rational Inquiry: a case study, language log, ). This is most evident in the manner in which it enhances voter apathy in the democratic process, as variously noted: James Adams, jay dow and Samuel Merrill iii ( The political Consequences of Alienation-Based and Indifference-based Voter Abstention: applications to presidential elections. Political Behavior, 2006) Travis Downing ( The Enthusiasm Gap, or Institutionalized Voter Indifference, distasteful Inelegance, october 2012) Chandran kukathas ( Liberalism and Multiculturalism: the politics of indifference. Political Theory, 26, 1998, 5,. 686-699) Why mass Citizen Indifference to the us police State monster? ( Corrente, ) Enabling suffering through religious doublespeak as noted above, the pope recently condemned strongly the global indifference to suffering ( Pope Francis condemns global indifference to suffering, the guardian, ). This was on the occasion of a visit to the island of Lampedusa - a tragic entry point of last recourse for refugees seeking to enter Europe from Africa. The controversy associated with this island, and the many who die getting there on a perilous boat journey, is indeed a worthy subject for papal concern.
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The United States places technology and innovation at the forefront of its diplomatic and development efforts. New media has empowered citizens around the world to report on their circumstances, express opinions on world events, and exchange information in environments sometimes hostile to such exercises of individuals' right qualitative to freedom of expression. At the same time, we are concerned about the determination of some governments to censor plan and silence individuals, and to restrict the free flow of information. We mark events such as World Press Freedom day in the context of our enduring commitment to support and expand press freedom and the free flow of information in this digital age. (us bureau of Public Affairs,. To host World Press Freedom day in 2011, 7 December 2010) double speak has been made evident as inherent in the world of finance and banking, as noted by gordon Brown ( beyond the Crash: overcoming the first crisis of globalisation, 2010 doublespeak is evident. It is what scientists do in excluding dimensions, vital to their own sense of psychosocial reality, from the models through which they recommend that that reality be apprehended. As helpfully clarified (above) by derman, there may be good reason for this in practice - but the practice merits explicit recognition if the approach to global governance is to be realistic. Doublespeak is a characteristic of many of the simplest business transactions - as when the provider of a service does not make evident deficiencies associated with what is being sold, in comparison with claims vigorously made puffery.
In that sense, doublespeak and " speaking with a forked tongue " is what humanity does: References to " national security " are increasingly to be recognized as code for switching to doublespeak. Similarly references to the highest acclaimed values - notably by politicians and religious leaders - increasingly have the same implication. References by national leaders to "gross outdoor irresponsibility such as by the prime minister of the country of which Julian Assange is a citizen, carefully avoid any reference to the espionage authorised by Clinton on the un leadership. Is this to be interpreted as "gross responsibility"? References to " freedom of information " usually imply freedom to access information carefully sifted for reasons of "national security" for the protection of vested interests as noted above. Commentators have noted the contrast between Hillary Clinton's interventions in response to wikileaks and her much-admired recent speech and subsequent article ( Internet Freedom, foreign Policy, ). The quality of doublespeak is evident from the announcement that the usa is to host Unesco's World Press Freedom day event (Washington dc, 2011 The theme for next year's commemoration will be 21st Century media: New Frontiers, new Barriers.
to what extent this practice now characterizes discourse within the international community and in the style of its preferred media presentations. The current challenge of doublespeak is discussed separately (. Transcending One-eyed Global Modelling Perspectives: incorporating under-currents into global circulation of value, 2010) in a section. Psychosocial processes: under-currents versus surface-currents. As remarked there part of the challenge is in the manner in which euphemism is used to indicate the existence of what is hidden or not readily admitted. But such practices, with which all are relatively familiar, actually hold the nature of the cognitive process bridging between two realities - even two worlds. It might be said to start at the earliest age with "secrets" kept from the children - or from the parents.
As noted by the, wikipedia entry, resume doublespeak is language that deliberately disguises, distorts, or reverses the meaning of words. It may take the form of euphemisms - "downsizing" for layoffs, "servicing the target" for bombing (William Lutz, doublespeak: From "revenue enhancement" to "Terminal living how government, business, advertisers, and others use language to deceive you. In such cases it is primarily meant to make the truth sound more palatable. It may also refer to intentional ambiguity in language or to actual inversions of meaning (for example, naming a state of war "peace. In such cases, doublespeak disguises the nature of the truth. Doublespeak is most closely associated with political language. Herman beyond Hypocrisy: decoding the news in an Age of Propaganda, 1992 What is really important in the world of doublespeak is the ability to lie, whether knowingly or unconsciously, and to get away with it; and the ability to use lies and choose and. The term "doublespeak" is considered to have its roots in the dystopian novel.
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2 September 2013 Draft, indifference to poverty and retributive justice as case studies - /, cultivating indifference to suffering through doublespeak. Enabling suffering through religious doublespeak, enabling suffering through legal doublespeak, enabling suffering through political doublespeak: Iraq. Exploiting suffering as a means of moral and emotional blackmail. Transcendent justification for indifference to the suffering of others? Second part of the argument introduced in: Indifference to the suffering of Others: Occupying the moral and ethical high ground through doublespeak (2013 where, writing references are located, cultivating indifference to suffering through doublespeak. The first part introduced the argument in following headings: Introduction, general indifference to suffering, varieties of indifference to suffering, complicity of bystanders: standing by and doing nothing. Schadenfreude: enjoying the suffering of others.