But although soccer has become an important sport in the American sports scene, it will never make inroads into the hearts and markets of American sports the way that football, basketball, hockey, baseball, and even tennis and golf have done. There are many reasons for this. Recently the new England revolution beat the tampa bay mutiny in a game played during a horrid rainstorm. Nearly 5000 fans showed up, which shows that soccer is, indeed, popular in the United States. However, the story of the game was buried near the back of the newspaper's sports section, and there was certainly no television coverage. In fact, the biggest reason for soccer's failure as a mass appeal sport in the United States is that it doesn't conform easily to the demands of television. Basketball succeeds enormously in America because it regularly schedules what it calls "television time-outs" as well as the time-outs that the teams themselves call to re-group, not to mention half-times and, on the professional level, quarter breaks.
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A cause and effect paper often appears to be structured along the essay lines. Process Essay, and the structure can, in fact, be similar. The difference, of course, is that a process essay explains how something works or how something came to be as it is, whereas a cause and effect essay explains why something works as it does or why it came to be what. We have included here a sample cause-and-effect essay that briefly explores the reasons (causes) that soccer will not "make it big" in the United States. It was written by a community college student, dewey cheatham, who graciously gave us permission to reprint his essay here. Dewey cheatham, english 101: W443, professor Pepin, february 29, 1998. Soccer: Why It Can't make the big Time in the. Soccer or football (or foosball or futbol as it is called by the rest of the world outside the United States is surely the most popular sport in the world. Every four years, the world championship of soccer, the world Cup, is watched by literally billions all over the world, beating out the United States professional football's Superbowl by far. It is estimated that.7 billion television viewers watched the world Cup final between France and Brazil in July of 1998. And it is also a genuine world championship, involving teams from 32 countries in the final rounds, unlike the much more parochial and misnamed World Series purpose in American baseball (that doesn't even involve japan or Cuba, two baseball hotbeds).
We can't assume that just because something follows something else chronologically that the earlier event caused the later event. Other causes intervening causes or causes we might not be aware of might be at work. Review the section on, clustering and Outlining to see how one student writer began to gather thoughts about a paper on the effects of the weather phenomenon known as El niño. How far can that paper go? How far into the spring and summer of 1998 could citizens of North America and elsewhere blame weird weather events on El niño? Are the extraordinarily high prices for lettuce and tomatoes in may and June entirely the fault of California write storms spawned by El niño in February and March? The writer has to determine a cutoff point for pursuing causes back to the Adam and eve of all causes. A paper that included the causes of this weather phenomenon would be an altogether different matter, also.
It might be enough for your paper to point out causes or effects that people might not have thought of before, or to sort out those causes or effects so that people can grasp them with fresh insight or in a newly organized fashion. On the other hand, your essay might lead to a call for action based on patterns of cause and effect that you have perceived. The essay below, for example, from, mother Jones magazine, ends with a plea for Americans to change the way they use antibiotics in situations where the antibiotics won't do any good. The alternative to this over-use of antibiotics the consequence if this trend is not reversed is well spelled out in the essay. The one caution you have to keep points in mind is not to become logically simplistic when considering causes. It is nearly cliché to say that the civil War was fought to free the slaves of the American south, but it is also far from the whole truth. There were good monumental economic and political causes behind that war; without those "other" causes there might not have been a war at all. There is an important logical fallacy (see the section. Logic ) called, post hoc, ergo propter hoc After this, therefore because of this.
When a machine replaces a production worker, both the firm and consumers as a group benefit. The loss falls mainly on the worker who is displaced. If that loss is generalized to millions of high-paid workers, they suffer as a group, and the economy as a whole suffers a loss of worker purchasing power. Thus the lack of a mechanism to distribute some of the financial gains from technology to the work force comes back to haunt the entire economy. You will have to determine which causes or effects you're going to write about. For instance, if there are too many causes for you to deal with in the scope of your essay, you'll have to decide what are the main causes, the ones you have to treat, and then suggest to your reader that there are other, relatively. Even in an essay as extensive as Kutter's, there are surely things he could have said but chose not. In an essay on the effects of El niño, the price you pay for orange juice might not belong in an essay alongside the devastating effects of tornadoes and ice-storms and mudslides and people's fear of uncontrollable weather patterns. The cause and effect essay can end in a number of ways.
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In a sense, the reports paragraphs provide an outline for exploring the various causes and effects which are the substance of the article. (see below for a hyperlink to the entire essay (. Atlantic, july 1983.) In these paragraphs, what sentences could be listed as major points and what sentences play a supporting role? What is the role of the first sentence in each paragraph? The erosion of the middle of the labor market is easy to misinterpret, because its roots are multiple. During the 1970s, the entry into the work force of an unprecedented number of women and of young adults born during the baby boom resulted in too many workers for the jobs available, and depressed wages.
The decline of the middle also has something to do with the explosive growth in world trade since 1960. As manufacturing technologies have become more mobile, and multinational firms more footloose, production jobs have migrated from the. To countries where wages are low. In addition, technology itself has helped to provoke the shifts in the job market. For example, fewer American workers would have been needed to make steel in 19 even if the pressures of global competition had not been a factor, because new machines have made many of their tasks redundant. Finally, the high rate of unemployment caused by these trends has tended to drive wages down further, especially at the low end, since it forces unskilled workers to compete for their jobs with unemployed people who are willing to do the work for less. Although demographic shifts, stepped-up world trade, unemployment, and especially the advance of technology all have had an effect on the shape of the job market, middle-level jobs have been disappearing ultimately as a result of the ways in which technological gains are being distributed.
What were the causes of the American civil War? The causes of World War I? The causes of the American Great Depression? What caused the aids epidemic? What are the causes of unrest in Ireland? What effects can be attributed to phenomena such as El niño?
The hippies of the 1950s and 60s? The civil Rights movement of the 50s and 60s? The uses of ddt? Holes in the ozone layer? Cause and effect papers are among the most common (and among the most fun to write) papers in a composition course. It is intriguing to explore the causes of some event that you always took for granted or to chronicle the effects of some phenomenon in society or nature. The two strategic points you have to consider are (1) whether you're exploring causes or effects or both and (2) what is the order of the causes or effects you're going to pursue from least to most important or vice versa. In the following two paragraphs, bob Kutter analyzes the effects on American workers of an economy that relies increasingly on technology.
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Don't reuse an answer to a similar question from another application. Have at house least one other person edit your essay. A teacher or college counselor is your best resource. And before you send it off, check, check again, and then triple check to make sure your essay is free of spelling or grammar errors. Test your College Knowledge, spondylolisthesis how well do you understand the college admissions process? Find out with our quiz. About Rob Franek, rob Franek, editor-in-Chief at The Princeton review, is the company's primary authority on higher education. Over his 24-year career, he has served as a college admissions administrator, test prep teacher, author, publisher, and lecturer. Read more and follow Rob on Twitter: @RobFranek.
Put yourself in the shoes of an admissions officer: Is the essay interesting? Do the ideas flow logically? Does it reveal something about the applicant? Is it written in the applicants own voice? What you write in your homework application essay or personal statement should not contradict any other part of your applicationnor should it repeat. This isn't the place to list your awards or discuss your grades or test scores. Answer the question being asked.
to give more than the play-by-play or itinerary. Describe what you learned from the experience and how it changed you. Being funny is tough. A student who can make an admissions officer laugh never gets lost in the shuffle. What you think is funny and what an adult working in a college thinks is funny are probably different. We caution against one-liners, limericks and anything offcolor. Start early and write several drafts. Set it aside for a few days and read it again.
The best way to tell your story is to write a personal, thoughtful essay about something that has meaning for you. Be honest and genuine, and your unique qualities will shine through. Admissions officers have to read an unbelievable number of college essays, most of which are forgettable. Many students try to sound smart rather than sounding like themselves. Others write about a subject that they don't care about, but that they think will impress admissions officers. You don't need to have started your own business or short have spent the summer hiking the Appalachian Trail. Colleges are simply looking for thoughtful, motivated students who will add something to the first-year class. Tips for a stellar College Application Essay. Write about something that's important to you.
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Most selective colleges require you to submit an essay or personal statement as part of your application. It may sound like a chore, writing and it will certainly take a substantial amount of work. But it's also a unique opportunity that can make a difference at decision time. Admissions committees put the most weight on your high school grades and your test scores. However, selective colleges receive applications from many worthy students with similar scores and grades—too many to admit. So they use your essay, along with your letters of recommendation and extracurricular activities, to find out what sets you apart from the other talented candidates. Telling your Story to colleges, so what does set you apart? You have a unique background, interests and personality. This is your chance to tell your story (or at least part of it).