You wont always agree with Rushkoff, but you might find yourself benefitting from the arguments he inspires in your head. Viral Spiral: How the commoners built a digital Republic of Their Own, by david Bollier (New Press In, viral Spiral, bollier makes an argument that is central to our work here at t: That the rise of open source software, social media, and peer-to-peer swapping. "A world organized around centralized control, strict intellectual property rights, and hierarchies of credentialed experts is under siege writes Bollier (who edits our allied site, on the commons ). "A radically different order of society based on open access, decentralized creativity, collaborative intelligence, and cheap and easy sharing is ascendant." At root, viral Spiral is a history book, but it's also a call to arms, asking us to apply Internet principles of sharing. Read this one along with Cory doctorow's novel makers! Change by design: How Design Thinking Transforms Organizations and Inspires Innovation, by tim Brown (Harper Business While the book teeters on over-promoting the organization that Brown leads, ideo, he does a great job at articulating the critical role of design thinking in turning What if? And How might we?
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Hes a neoliberal technocrat and the architect of some of the last centurys biggest economic disasters—but in the twenty-first century hes become a leading advocate of global wealth sharing, arguing that targeted aid could eradicate extreme poverty in two decades. Common wealth, sachs takes his ideas one step further and proposes planet-wide sharing as a solution to global warming, population pressures, poverty, and other problems. Sachs has a tendency to write from the ivory tower—hes one of those would-be philosopher kings who are forever designing utopias—but we appreciate his thoughtfully empirical approach, and his chastened ideas should be considered by anyone who wants to build a more compassionate world. Green Metropolis: Why living Smaller, living Closer, and Driving Less are the keys to sustainability, by david Owen (riverhead In, green Metropolis, new Yorker writer david Owen convincingly argues that the best thing any of us can do for the environment is to encourage the. Owen starts by pointing out that Manhattan residents have the smallest carbon footprints in the country. "The citys efficiencies, like the efficiencies of all dense urban cores, are built into the fabric of the place, and they dont depend on an unprecedented commitment to sacrifice and compliance handwriting by environmentally concerned citizens says Owen in our t. This is not a perfect book—its chapters feel like a string of magazine articles—but its case for urbanism as a path to a more sharing, sustainable society is one that Americans need to hear. Life Inc.: How the world Became a corporation and How to take it Back, by douglas Rushkoff (Random house rushkoff tackles a big and loaded subject—the rise and power of corporations in our lives—in a fascinating, at times humorous, and always erudite way. While rushkoff is sometimes guilty of becoming shrill and overreaching, this is one of those books that makes you think about mainstream ideas we never stop to question: Why do we equate productivity with busyness? Why do we have the money system that we do? Why do corporate rights so often trump human rights?
Born to be good, by my former, greater good colleague dacher Keltner, which was published in January 2009.). A paradise built in Hell: The Extraordinary communities That Arise in Disaster, by rebecca solnit (viking we often imagine that in a disaster, its every one for him- or herself. This is the image weve seen in countless movies about earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, terrorist attacks, and fires. But research lab has found that this is the opposite of the truth: in the midst of disaster, people are more likely to pull together and share resources in order to survive. A paradise built in Hell, national book award-winner Rebecca solnit roams from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake to 9/11 to hurricane katrina, and beyond, in order to reveal the altruism, cooperation, and mutual aid that spontaneously emerge when we face collective threats. The recovery of this purpose and closeness without crisis or pressure—without disaster—is the great contemporary task of being human, she concludes. Common wealth: Economics for a crowded Planet, by jeffrey. Sachs (Penguin sachs is a complicated figure.
One can only shudder at the thought that the humaneness of our societies would depend on the whims of politics, culture or religion. Why we cooperate, by michael Tomasello (Boston review books tomasello, co-director of the max Planck Institute for evolutionary Anthropology, studied the cooperative behavior of one-year-old children—and compared it to that of apes. The results, which build on decades of similar studies, show that even preverbal children have a natural inclination to share and front help others, much more so than nonhuman primates (this doesnt contradict de waals argument. The Age of Empathy ; it just means our cooperative behavior is more evolved ). Remarkably, tomasello includes critiques of his argument by four other leading scientists, many of whom debate his interpretations of the facts—thereby embedding his cooperative values in the book itself. Why we cooperate is a scientific treatise, and it might be a trifle the dry for some tastes—but its data and arguments are critical to our understanding of ourselves as species. (Folks interested in the science of human empathy and cooperation might also read.
While reductionism proved powerful in many domains, particularly quantum physics and medical diagnostics, it impeded investigations of complex systems. Reductionism also made it difficult for scientists to articulate the threat posed by climatic change, since many experts did not actually know very much about aspects of the problem beyond their expertise.". It is short and powerful. The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a kinder Society, by Frans de waal (Harmony books we often fancy that chimps and other nonhuman primates live in a state of constant competition and violence—an image, we fear, that also applies to human beings. In, the Age of Empathy, leading primatologist Frans de waal draws on decades of research to reveal that evolution has bequeathed capacities for empathy, compassion, and sharing to all primates, humans included. The really hard question: What conditions allow goodness to flourish? The Age of Empathy doesnt attempt to design a human utopia, but it does suggest that attempts to build a more shareable society are necessary and natural. De waal writes, Id argue that biology constitutes our greatest hope.
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Both books pretend to b writing a history of the 21st century, looking backwards about the events in the late 1900s and paperless the first decade of the 2000s that established the preconditions for the ensuing events, designs, and technologies. Adrian Hon presents 100 short scenarios, each just a few pages long, but the total is amazing in its breadth and analysis of the societal implications. Although each is short, i discovered I could not read more than five at a time because that was all my mind could assimilate at a single reading. The result was twenty wonderful reading experiences. I am still processing the implications. Naomi Oreskes and Erik conway, historians of science (Oreskes at Harvard and Conway in Pasadena, california) primarily focus upon climate change (and the resistance of society both to acknowledge that it is/was happening and then, even when acknowledged, to do anything of substance to mitigate. They credit Kim Stanley robinson's two science fiction trilogies on the development of Mars and on Climate change as their inspirations.
(As a fan of Robinson, i highly recommend his novels - the science behind them is strong and reliable.). While they are at it, Oreskes and Conway paint a devastating critique of science and its insistence on statistical purity and small details, neglecting the huge impact that their work is describing. (Scientists love to argue over details - that's what they are trained. As for the societal impact of their work, that's for other people to decide, for example politicians, they sway, and they want no part.). Here is a sample of their critique: "some scholars have pointed to the epistemic structure of Western science, particularly in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which was organized both intellectually and institutionally around "disciplines" in which specialists developed a high level of expertise. This "reductionist" approach, sometimes credited to the seventeenth-century French philosophe rené descartes but not fully developed until the late nineteenth century, was believed to give intellectual power and vigor to investigations by focusing on singular elements of complex problems. "Tractability" was a guiding ideal of the time: problems that were too large or complex to be solved in their totality were divided into smaller, more manageable elements.
Genetic engineering allows scientists to modify crops to boost their immunity to bacteria and to strengthen crops against climate or environmental changes that arent conducive to their growth. Around the world, thirty five to fifty percent of wheat growing areas are under drought risk. The number of drought affected wheat growing areas is likely to increase with the effects of climate change (Gene Therapy 156). This statistic shows the opportunities that are present for growth in the area of genetic engineering for economic and food production purposes. In 2008, the newly built three hundred and twenty million dollar biosciences Research Centre in Victoria, australia, was able to develop twenty-four lines of genetically modified wheat. From these twenty four lines of wheat there were several lines of wheat that exceeded the.
One way to understand what future events might await us is to develop elaborate, complete scenarios of what life might be like as a result of new designs, inventions, and technologies. It isn't enough to describe the potential technologies: the scenario must illustrate how it might be used in everyday life, examining the implications that result. Science fiction authors have long done just that: developing stories of a future world where the technology is used in a plausible manner, showing the profound social, economic, psychological, and political implications. Science fiction writers, however, are biased, in that they must produce an interesting story, which means there must be a protagonist and a challenge. As a result, the stories do tend to focus upon evil uses of power, technology, and authority, although not necessarily with evil goals in mind (Contrast Huxley's a brave new World with Orwell's 1984 (which might better have been named 2084). The field of, design Fiction has similar goals. A short essay on design, science, fact and fiction. (pdf version also see the blog from the near Future laboratory. The purpose of this note is to recommend two recent books that expand upon the genre: Two rather different books, but each with a common approach, and quite often, with similar, overlapping scenarios.
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8th Arab Energy conference, accessed may 14, 2007. John Jones, eng 1010 10/28/10, genetic Engineering: The key to a better World. Genetic engineering is the process qualitative scientists use to alter the genetic material of cells or organisms to enable them to make new substances or perform new functions (Genome 19). This process report allows scientists to do many things, such as, enhancing the heartiness of crops, developing personalized medications, therapy for disorders, development of crops for higher energy gain, studying infectious diseases and creating vaccines. The benefits of genetic engineering go beyond just the scientific advancements that are possible. Genetic engineering has the ability to influence the quality of life and economy of nations that are dependent on crop exports. Genetic engineering is an issue of serious debate because there are classes of individuals that would oppose genetic engineering because of moral or religious beliefs. Genetic engineering is a good thing because it exemplifies human resourcefulness, it provides the opportunity for mankind to better manage its natural resources, and it allows mankind to be more environmentally conscientious.
The solution of the global problem requires joint operation of the government of the country, companies and marketing all people. It is practically impossible to cut global warming pollution without active governmental participation. Of course, it is impossible to reach success without governmental help and support. The problem of global warming touches all people and so in December 1997, the United Nations passed the kyoto Protocol, which aimed to strengthen the international response to the global warming and climate changes. However, the usage of green cars can reduce the consumption of gasoline which, in its turn, can help to stop energetic crisis. It can be only the first step in this problem solution and further coordinated forces and effective measures will bring success. Retrieved December 1, 2005, from. Energy conservation in the.
use in the transport sector will thus remain a driver of total global oil demand (Mandil, 3). The growth of transport sector will naturally lead to the growing needs in energy for transport vehicles. What is notable, despite extremely important role, which energy plays for economy, the rise of prices for energy will not result in bigger supplies of gas and oil. As soon as the production of oil reaches its half-way peak supplies will gradually decrease while the prices for oil will grow. This will definitely have negative effect on transport sector in particular and on the world economy in general. One of the ways out can be the usage of green cars. It will lead to the improvements in existing engines switching from gasoline to diesel, use of hybrid vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, technologies that reduce the fuel efficiency shortfall. The so-called green cars alone will not resolve the problem of global warming and energetic crisis.
Extra greenhouse gases increase the greenhouse effect. The use of oil in brief transport industry causes serious damage to the environment and this problem cannot be neglected any more. Gasoline-burning cars are one of the source of the global warming pollution. The step towards the solution of this problem is the usage of hybrid engines and new technologies and the so-called green cars. By 2050, fuel-cell technologies and other advancements could boost efficiency to 54 miles per gallon (Koffer, 2005). The government can do it with the help of renewable energy and efficient-energy technologies and it can be one of steps towards the solution of the greenhouse effect and energetic crisis problem. It is also better to take care of your car, because a well-tuned car consumes less gasoline and so produces less carbon dioxide. Most modern transport systems are based on oil. Statistics show that two thirds of all petroleum used in the us is used for power transportation.
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Interested in events and information for: New professional York, los Angeles, i agree to receive emails from the site. I can withdraw my consent at any time by unsubscribing. Do you live in Canada? Environmental problems, especially if we speak about global warming, which are caused by the use of gas and oil in transport sector and industry, grow with each year. All in all, these problems let to the world energetic crisis. During the last 100 years people have produced a lot of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide and as a result of it the average temperature has warmed up by over half a degree. Burning fossil fuels, such as oil, coal and gas influences our atmosphere and so the responsibility for the global warming in the 20th century lies on people. Nowadays the air temperature has become much warmer because the heat cannot go back into space.